The publication of any images or informations related to nazism, fascism or any other totalitarian regimes must be understood as the reproduction of historical accuracy and not as apology to these regimes, leaders or symbols.
A publicação de qualquer imagem ou informação referentes ao nazismo, fascismo ou quaisquer outros regimes totalitários deve ser entendida como reprodução do rigor histórico e não como apologia a estes regimes, líderes ou símbolos.

Dodge 3 ton. 4x2 MCP truck T110 - case report

    Today we are going to see a robust truck that was designed within the beautiful lines of Art Deco, as a civilian vehicle and that with the outbreak of the hostilities of the Second World War, it was summoned to serve on many fronts, in the hands of several allied countries, exercising an important work in the allied war effort. Today we are going to meet the 3 ton Dodge 4x2 MCP(Modified Conventional Pattern) truck, one of the anonymous heroes of WWII.
British Dodge 3 ton. 4x2 MCP truck crossing the Maas river
at Maaseik, in the Belgium/ Holland border, 25 November 1944.
    In 1939 Dodge presented a completely new designed line of pickups and trucks. Formally the T series for 1939, V series for 1940, and the W series from 1941 through 1947, the trucks became mostly known as the Dodge Job-Rated trucks.
    With streamlined, Art Deco styled front sheetmetal, and introducing the concept of "Job-Rated" truck configurations, Dodge tried to offer customers the truck that fit the job they were buying it for. As a result, the 1939 to 1947 Dodge pickup / truck range was offered in a bewilderingly large number of available variants and model codes.
40's Dodge propaganda poster
    Six different payload classes, a wide range of bodies, and more than twenty different wheelbase-lengths were manufactured, and fitted with different sized versions of the Chrysler-sourced inline six-cylinder side-valve engines - from the half-ton TC pickup on a 116-inch (2.946mm) wheelbase to three-ton tractor cabs. Nevertheless, mechanically, the trucks were all very similar, with solid axles front and rear and leaf springs at all four corners. 
    With World War II taking up most of production capacity from 1942 to 1945, the 1939 styling continued largely unchanged through 1947, as engineering and production became the main focus.
Post-war civilian Dodge 3 ton semi-trailer truck
    For 1939, Dodge rolled out a striking, modern design, new from the ground up, except for the updated drivetrains - and, as before, offering an exceptionally large number of available variants. In the later 1930s, streamlined styling had become a virtual requirement for anything from appliances, cars, boats, planes - even trucks, trains, and architecture. The new, 'Job-Rated' Dodge trucks followed suit, and were completely representative of the 'Streamline Moderne', Art Deco based style, inspired by aerodynamic design, and characterized by elongated horizontal lines and curving forms, to give the impression of sleekness and modernity.
Dodge "job-rated" civilian fuel tanker
Notice, even in a weather-worn vehicle, the beauty of the lines that characterized this era,
with the design of the cabin "flowing" with the design of the fuel tank ...
Fashion times !!!
    The all new, all-steel cabs featured a front-end design with a barrel-shaped base, and a sharp V-shaped grille; long, sleek, crowned front and rear fenders, with embossed "speed lines" on the lower rears of each fender - and a new sloped, two-piece windshield, that could be opened for increased airflow. The headlamps were still free-standing, but were mounted in bullet-shaped pods. From the half-tons to the three-ton models, the new trucks all featured the same distinctive design - the heavy-duty models only stood out taller, on larger wheels and tires.
Dodge 3 ton truck - side view

Dodge 3 ton truck - 3/4 front view of the cabin...
Beautiful lines!!!
    The unique styling of the trucks, was only really changed in 1940, when Dodge trucks began using sealed-beam headlamps and were equipped with marker lights mounted on the headlamp housing. For the most part, after 1940, year-to-year appearance changes were very minimal. The grille design was lightly changed again in 1941, and this style continued through 1947, except for the lower chrome strips, which were omitted post war.
Post-war Dodge "Job-rated" trucks propaganda poster.
    The Job-Rated trucks had stronger frames, using steel with a higher tensile strength, and the frame-rails extended further forward past the engine than before, such that the truck's beefy, channel-type bumpers tied the rails together, reinforcing the frame. After World War II, several changes were made to production truck chassis parts, based on reliability experience gained during military service - for instance stronger differentials and larger axle shafts were used in post-war trucks, and steering boxes were beefed up as well.

Models used by the military:
Purpose-built four-wheel drive
    After Dodge supplied the U.S. Army with its first four-wheel drive truck in 1934, more modern ​1 1⁄2-tonners were developed, and 1,700 RF-40-X-4(USA) trucks were supplied in 1938, and 292 TF-40-X-4(USA) in 1939. 
    In 1940, Dodge gained an Army contract to design and build ​1⁄2-ton 4×4 military trucks in several styles using many commercial truck parts. Based on the VC-Series, and internally called the T-202 series, the VC-1 through VC-6 came with essentially stock front-end sheetmetal. Similarly, their 116-inch wheelbase and 201-cubic-inch 79-horsepower six-cylinder engine shared much with Dodge's civilian ​1⁄2-ton VC. The following year, the T202 was replaced by the T-207 series trucks. Again rated as ​1⁄2-tonners, they featured a military-specific hood, grille, and fenders. These trucks were powered by the 218-cubic-inch six of 85 horsepower taken from Dodge's ​3⁄4- and one-ton commercial models. Eventually, the military trucks were substantially redesigned, and uprated to ​3⁄4-tons with a 230-cubic-inch engine with 92 Hp. Together with the 1941 ​1⁄2-tons, these were built from 1942 until the end of the war as the Dodge WC series military trucks.
Dodge WC1 4x4 1/2 ton.
Stock models and specifications
    The U.S. military also used some of Dodge's light truck models in mostly stock, two-wheel drive form. Technical manuals of U.S. Army military vehicles offer some more detailed specifications on three such models: the 1947 model year WC and WD-15 models, and the 160 inch wheelbase version of the SNL G-number 618 aka the WF-32.
  Additionally there were 4x2, civilian based variants built either as Canadian "Modified Conventional Pattern" called the D15 (15cwt, or ¾-ton – engineering code T-222), and the D60S and D60L (60cwt, or 3-ton, engineering code T-110, with a short 136" or long 160" wheelbase).  The Canadian models were built with a 236.6 cu in (3,877 cm3) engine with a 25" block, that was unique to them, and they had beefed up rear axles. Chrysler Corporation of Canada produced a total of 180.816 military Dodge trucks during 1939-1945. This is the vehicle of this article.
British Dodge T110 D-60L 4x2 MCP supply truck crossing a Bailey bridge
over the Maas in full flood at  Maaseik, in the Belgium/ Holland border,  25 November 1944.
Notice the "american type" wood cargo area with typical british canvas cover.
Modified Conventional Pattern (MCP): 
    Usually standard civil types with minor modifications to reach military needs, comprising cars, utilities, 15-cwt, 2-ton and 3-ton trucks. Shipped out in large numbers complete or in CKD form, mainly for use in North African campaign and Land Lease program (1.700 3-ton Dodges were delivered to Russia).
Two British Dodges D15 of the 113 General Transport Company
Royal Army Service Corps  (RASC)

British Dodge dump truck short wheelbase

A british Dodge D60L captured by the Germans
of DAK, in the North Africa desert

Another british Dodge in german hands
Notice the bullet holes in the wind-shield,
the absence of front brush bar and the left
windshield replaced by a metal sheet

Dodges send to the Russia, under the lend lease program
Notice the "civil" aspect of the truck and
the absence of front brush bar
A Dodge with right-handed driver position. and in winter cammo
The numbers in the doors and the bridge signal suggest that this truck may be Polish.
    Fitted with uprated chassis, springs, WD split rims (13, 16 and 20”), single rear tyres, right-hand drive (for overseas use), military bumper and push bar, black out lights, WD towing hook, matt military paint, etc. The Canadian branch of American company Dodge started production of military vehicles in autumn 1939 when World War II emerged in Europe.
Another bad day for Dodges drivers (notice the windshield...)
Soviet Dodge 3 ton captured almost intact by the Germans.
Notice the absence of front brush bar

    Unlike Ford and Chevrolet Canadian branches it did produce mainly upgraded variants of mass-produced conventional commercial trucks with common cabs and front fascia destined primarily to Great Britain and Commonwealth countries.
Dodge D15 in Polish hands. Notice the Bren gun mount
in the cabin's rear

Dodge 3 ton semi=trailer militarized
Notice the right-hand driver position

A 3 ton Dodge dump truck with short wheelbase
New Zealand Army - Mont Cassino, Italy
Another Dodge dump (Tipper, as the British called it) with the colors and markings
 of the RAF, working on paving an airfield.

Two Dodges 4x2 3 ton with 1st Polish Armored Division
Normandy, France - 1944.
   Its only difference in appearance were right-hand-drive, form of cargo bed and wider 16-inch tyres. The 3t high-sided trucks series T110 (D60) equipped with 6-cylinder engine (3.9 l, 95 h.p.), single- and dual-tyre wheels with 16 or 20-inch diameter of rim seat. Series T110 was the best known in Europe.
Dodge 3 ton from Czech Independent Armoured Brigade
Normandy, 1944.
  It consisted of two basic models - T110L-6 (D60S) and T110L-9 (D60L) with 3.454mm or 4.064mm wheelbase respectively. They got 2-speed final drive, hydraulic brake actuation with vacuum booster, metal cargo bed with tent or dump body. These trucks were exported and/or produced to a number of allied countries, mainly the Commonwealth countries.
A camouflaged Dodge 3 ton MCP of Australian Army.
Notice the Bren .303 mg AA mount in the rear left corner of the cabin
   An interesting conversion of the Dodge 3 ton. 4x2 MCP were executed by the French, to be used as armored trucks. Some 30 were modified as armored trucks by the French in Syria prior to WWII and known as the Automitrailleuse Dodge "Tanake".
    These trucks served with Foreign Legion units before the war, and both Vichy and Free French units during WWII. After the war, the trucks remaining in the country passed on to the Syrian government, and some were used during the 1948 war. The "Tanake" was fitted with a 37mm cannon M1916 and 2 or 3 FM 24/29 light machine guns and a crew of 5.
French Dodges "Tanake" roaring across the desert...1940-1941

Dodge T-234 "China / Burma" truck
    A special case in between stock commercial and dedicated military trucks, was the T-234 "China / Burma Road" truck, which was built as part of the Allied cooperation with China against Japan, in the war and just thereafter. From October 1944 through March 1946, Dodge built 15,000 trucks, that used a special order combination of their most heavy-duty off-the-shelf components, to overland supplies from India to China over the very rough Stilwell / Ledo Road, to an extent to specifications personally drawn up by Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek, then commander of the Nationalist Chinese forces. Chiang Kai-shek asked Roosevelt himself for 15.000 two-and-a-half-ton trucks capable of handling the Burma Road, requiring them to have an engine of at least 300 cubic inches and a 5-speed transmission.
Dodge 6 cilinders 331 cubic inches (5.424cc) 118 HP engine for  China-Burma Dodges
The most powerfull engine in a 3 ton truck in his era...
    The trucks were built with a near standard civilian closed cab - right-hand drive because the British were in command of Burma - but fitted with a flat, military-style grille & brush guard, and wide open, almost flat fenders, to avoid mud build-up clogging the wheels rotating, and otherwise stood out by having a 227 liters fuel tank. In order for the trucks to function on the gruelling 7.520 km journey over the Himalayas.
Dodge T-234 "China-Burma" truck's interior.
Notice the right-hand drive
A brand-new Dodge T-234 "China-Burma" truck under transport
    Dodge fitted not only heavy-duty springs and steering gear, but went sofar as to fit tri-metal aircraft grade bearings and aeroplane-type shock absorbers. Radiators were fitted with an overflow tank, to return the cooled water to the sealed cooling system. The speed is limited to 65 km/h. Ground clearance was 33cm, with a 50° approach angle, and 28.5° departure. Front axles were widened to give wider tread. Nevertheless, the average life of the trucks was only about five trips.
A  Dodge T-234 "China-Burma" truck waiting his  tough fate...


Dodge 3 ton. 4x2 MCP T110 truck
Production                                                                  Over 300,000 MCP trucks were produced, of all types
Model years1939 -1947
AssemblyChrysler-Dodge Canada
Body and chassis
Class​3-ton rated medium truck
Body style2-door truck, flatbed,
Layoutfront-engine, rear-wheel-drive - civl metal cabin
Enginestraight-six Chrysler flathead from 236.6 3.877cc - 95hp@3.600rpm gasoline
four-speed manual
high and low range
Net weight
Fuel capacity
Max. speed
3.455mm (136 inch.)
2.11m (cabin)
10.50 x 16 (4 wheels)
hidraulic (Hydrovac)
2x 68l iters tanks
350 km
72 Km/h

The kit:
    For a change, there is no such beauty in injected plastic (meanwhile what-if kits and World of Tanks we found by the dozen ...), but fortunately there is a very rare kit, manufactured by Montex, in resin: Dodge WC203a.
Dodge WC 203a  multimedia kit Montex |(# RMV35001)
original box art
    But as I live far from everything and everyone, it was very difficult for me to achieve such beauty... Until I stumbled upon a kit that was offered to me by a colleague, partially started (the cabin ...) but intact, still that with some strange pieces ... but complete ... The box I received was this:
Immortal Gods ... I am or I am not a strange guy ....

Main parts ... some metal parts already glued to the cabin .. The kit is cute !!!

I will build the original canvas kit ... Let's glue the halves ...

Using the best invention after Coca-Cola:
methyl cyanoacrylate, a.k.a. super-glue.

Done!!  Now just apply a little putty, after a good drying ...

Small parts waiting for cleaning ... at that time,
Dremel is worth its weight in gold !!!

The 6 cylinder engine is a little gem !!
One of the parts of the radiator propeller was missing ...

The engine ready...Too bad he'll be "cloistered" in the engine hood.

Chrysler Dodge 6 cylinders engine...

The power train ready!!  Details soon...
    The two longitudinal stringers of the chassis were bent and one of them was1 mm shorter. After gluing the transversal stringers, I cut a portion of the chassis with a diamond disc from my Dremel and introduced a 1mm piece of plastic. It was just perfect !!!
stretching  1mm one of the legs of my chassis...

Detail of the graft!!

Building the front suspension ...
The booklet isntructions is a nightmare!!
    I decided to build my Dodge in British colors, in the fine WWII frame. Because of that, I will have to perform some transformations... The wheels are the most important, with the British using simple 10.50x16 wheelsin the front and rear axles. And, fortunately, I have saved a complete set of those wheels, which were left over from the construction of the Otter Mark I Light Reconnaissance Car. As Lavoisier said: "In scale models, nothing is lost, everything is transformed!".
The resin and original wheel and the 10.50x16 Brit wheel.
Well done, old chap..well done!!

New wheels in position...

It looks much more "stocky" ... I liked !!

Testing alignment. The central wheel hubs are scrap scraps from
useless resin wheels of the LRDG Chevy ...
Ah, Lavoisier ... how wise you are !!

Aligning the rear wheels with the drive axle. Note that the part
is from another origin ... but it is standard Dodge, without a doubt.
The distortion is because of my camera, which is not the best ... but it works !!!
I swear to you that everything is strictly perpendicular !!!

Rear suspension...

And the girl on her own feet for the first time!!

Right side view...

The cargo area ... As I said, the instructions are at least vague ...
Here's a tip for positioning the parts. Good thing I found a picture of a British Dodge
with wooden cargo area, instead of the standard metallic type used by the British ...
(see the first pic of this article...)

Cargo bay área ready!!  Notice the
the committed parts, which I will reinforce later ...

These two wooden beams, which act as a cradle for the cargo area, came twisted and warped,
one of them broken. I will replace them with Plastruct, with the same dimensions ...
Screw these old resin parts !!!

Beams straight like a gun barrel !!!
Being glued in position with superglue.
Excesses will be cut later ... (see red details...)

Reinforcing the warped part with a flat metal rod (dentists thing ...).
The purpose of this is to prevent the resin "tarp" from warping this part of the kit further ...

Rear vision of the cargo area, with resin "tarp"..
I will cover this part with tracing paper, because the English used canvas differently ...
but that is something for another step ahead ...

Another modification required for the  "right hand drive" version.
Thanks to the Gods, the kit is very good and allowed a simple exchange, as in the original vehicles ...
The original holes were covered with putty (red arrows ...)

The interior's cabin, ready for painting...

The cargo area installed on the chassis ...
Right side view

Left side view

Dry-run with cabin...Hmmm...the girl is growing fast...

Adding details to the rear of the truck ...
Fuel tank, tool box, rear fenders and another tool box...

More details: Rear fenders, tool box, fuel tank
bridge signal plate and single left headlight..

    Now, we are going to complete the cabin, so that we can paint its interior and glue it to the chassis, to continue the work. The instrument panel and glove compartment can be built for the right or left driving position. As our vehicle will be British (by Jove!!), we will build the instrument panel according to the right steering pattern. The kit comes with a printed transparency to be glued to a piece of PE, which is the instrument panel.
Dashboard painted in green.
Notice the glove compartment at left
and the transparency and instrument panel...

Cutting the edges of transparency...
After that, gluing the transparency with PVA glue in
the internal portion of the metal part

Gluing the transparency in the metal...

After the glue dry, painting the internal
face of instruments with white acrylic paint...

And the instruments panel gluing in the
dashboard with superglue...

And the finalized dashboard glued in the cabin's interior

Now, we can glue the cabin in position...
Notice the left highlight...

Adding details like step-boards, rear mirrors, 
front bumper, door handdles, etc...

rear view...

Using toilet paper to protect the cabin's interior...

right view...

Shades of green...

The resin kit canvas is very good, but the British
lorries used the canvas in a peculiar way, folding the ends
in the front and in the back  of the canvas, like an overlay jacket ...
See the insert pic in the photo above...

The option is to overlay a tarpaulin over that of the kit ...

The tracing paper strike back!!

In the right way!!!
Front view...

Rear view!!!
Let's wait to dry the paper to start painting !!

    While the canvas dries and adapts, we go to historical research to situate our girl in time and space. My project was inspired by this photo: 

   My goal IS NOT TO REPRODUCE THIS SPECIFIC TRUCK, but a truck from that unit, in this location and at that time ... Unfortunately, the specific Unit remains unidentified, but the truck belonged to the 2nd British Army, providing services to the Royal Army Service Corps (RASC) , parked in the Belgian city of Maaseik, on the River Mass, on the border with Holland, in November 1944. But let's see this photo more closely:
Notice the details...

The disruptive cammo is very interesting...
and the gas detector paint in front of the driver is
a detail very sutil...
    My girl will be like this:

    The Dodge girl after being painted with the Disruptive British Camouflage pattern and with the canvas painted and characterized in khaki tones.
Disruptive British Camouflage and
the canvas - left side

Right side

rear view

Avoiding silvering on decals with a Future (Pledge) layer

Making specific decals with transparent and white decal sheets.
Oh, Immortal Gods ...
When the manufacturers will produce a laser printer with white color ???

First of all, the white decals for white background
and better contrast...

Same technique in the rear...

Left view...Decals from my spare parts box...

When the background decals dry,
apply decals printed on transparent sheets over them...

Our girl has a name: Therese !!!
Beautiful, isn't it ?? !!

Right side...

Rear view...

Now wait for everything to dry, apply another layer of Future to
permanently seal the decals and start the weathering ...

decals sealed and the lorry with matt varnish...
starting the installation of mooring hooks

mooring hooks instaled and painted...

Canvas tie ropes and other details such as
windshield and windshield wiper

Notice the blackout headlight

Left view of the canvas with ropes in position

Rear view of the canvas with ropes in position

THERESE is growing fast and beautiful...

Just a few more details, now ...

      And finally, the girl was ready. This is "THERESE", a Dodge 3 ton. MCP 4x2 T110 truck, with the markings of 2nd British Army, Royal Army Service Corps (RASC), in Maaseik, Belgium/Holland border, in November, 1944.
 Dodge 3 ton. MCP 4x2 T110 truck "THERESE"
2nd British Army, Royal Army Service Corps (RASC)
Maaseik, Belgium/Holland border
November, 1944.

 Dodge 3 ton. MCP 4x2 T110 truck  - left view

Dodge 3 ton. MCP 4x2 T110 truck  - right view

Kojak (and Rover, the dog...) with Dodge 3 ton. MCP 4x2 T110 truck

Dodge 3 ton. MCP 4x2 T110 truck

Dodge 3 ton. MCP 4x2 T110 truck

Dodge 3 ton. MCP 4x2 T110 truck "THERESE"
2nd British Army, Royal Army Service Corps (RASC)
Maaseik, Belgium/Holland border
November, 1944.

Don't miss anything, my friends!!

8 comentários:

  1. Poxa, por ser um kit de resina, é muito bem detalhado!!! Acompanhando.

  2. Oi Marcão!! Realmente muito detalhado.... Seria ótimo se tivesse injetado: poderia ser mais barato para podermos fazer outras versões...

  3. Filled with suggestion to tackle with resin kit!!

  4. This is the goal of Panzerserra Bunker, my friend ... to try to make life easier for modelers who like rare and strange things ... Big hug, Hisashi-san!!!

  5. Don't forget the front brush bar and black out marker lights.

    1. Hi, Unknown... My Dodge girl does not feature the brush bar. Notice 3 pics above, in the History, of Dodges without this detail ... Many trucks were delivered without this device. THERESE is one of them ... Thank you very much for visiting ... always come back !!

  6. Dear Marcos,

    I love your way of modelling and I am a regular visitor of you blogs, appreciating that you share your work. You also finished this lorry a very nice way. Some little comment: the British applied the closed circle around the allied star, the intermittent circle is applied by the Americans. This does not make the model less fine for me, little peaople know this ;-).
    Second I have a question: how do you make your tarps in such a kind way. I read you use tracing paper and white glue. Can you please explain, also how do you make the wire rope (material, glue, preparation?. I like to make a tarp for my Bedford QLD (IBG), can you please help me?
    Kind regards and keep on modelling,

    Jan van Harn (the Netherlands)

    1. Jan van Harn, thanks, my friend, for your kind words.
      About the so-called "Allied Stars", they were applied in factories and/or on combat fronts. There was a tendency to use solid circles in British lorries, but we cannot go to the extreme of saying that this would be a rule ... Especially with the possibility of field repairs, to correct combat damage. There is an old phrase in modelism that reads: "About WWII, never say never ... never say always!"
      About the canvas made with tracing-paper, the secret of the technique is to apply the paper over the area to be covered and stabilize the paper in position with micro-drops of super-glue on the four end edges. Then, apply a layer of PVA glue diluted in 50% water to wrinkle and increase the strength of the paper. While the paper is moist and flabby, you can shape the fold shapes with a brush dipped in the same solution as the glue. Use only the super-glue in strategic positions and in the smallest possible area, as it prevents the paper from "working" and deforms in the regions it is applied ... Look at the various articles on tarpaulin trucks in the Bunker that you will see dozens of images describing the process. The Bedford half-track article is a good example:

      About the canvas moorings, I use polyester sewing thread, in cream or hemp color ... Polyester does not match that "hairy" aspect of other sewing threads. I use a delicate sewing needle to pass the thread and "locked" moorings with super-glue microdroplets, applied with a steel wire as an applicator ... Any "shiny" aspect I mask with matte varnish on the glue, after drying ... I do it with thin copper wire handles, installed and glued in very thin holes executed on the sides of the cargo area ...

      Thank you very much for your contribution and for the view ... Please always return ... the house is yours !!